Reptiles

Amphibians

Lizards

Family: Anguidae (Glass Lizards and Alligator Lizards)

Genus: Ophisaurus (Glass Lizards)

Legless. Bronze-colored with dark, lateral stripes and lateral groove. Middorsal stripe. External ear openings. Eyelids. Tail "as easy to break as glass". Special Status

Family: Crotaphytidae (Collared and Leopard Lizards)

Genus: Crotaphytus (Collared Lizards)

Large, fast, and leery. Males more greenish with yellow chin. Females more tan. Body with white specks and faint orange-red crossbars. Two dark bars form "collar". Juveniles similar to adult females, but with more prominent, though broken, red crossbands. Special Status

Family: Dactyloidae (Anoles)

Genus: Anolis (Anoles)

Can change color from green to brown or vice versa. Light, middorsal stripe often present. Large dewlap for mating or territory displays.  

Family: Phrynosomatidae (Spiny Lizards)

Genus: Phrynosoma (Horned Lizards) and Sceloporus (Spiny Lizards)

Rare and potentially extirpated from AR. (Some records suspected to be released pets.) Brown-mottled with light middorsal stripe. Built very flat with many spikes, especially on back of head. Tail very short. Cries blood as part of defense. Special Status
Grayish-brown with faint, jagged crossbars. Scales give rough texture. Males with turquoise jowls and sides of belly during breeding season.  

Family: Scincidae (Skinks)

Genera: Plestiodon (Toothy Skinks) and Scincella (Ground Skinks)

Bronze with broad, brown, lateral stripe thinly bordered with white. Scales smooth and shiny. 1 postmental scale. Juveniles black with bright blue tail.  
Dark brown with 5 lighter stripes. Males with enlarged, reddish jaws during mating season. Scales smooth and shiny. 2 postmental scales. 7 upper labial scales. Juveniles with more prominent contrast and bright blue tail.  
Brown with 5 lighter stripes. Males uniform bronze and with enlarged, reddish cheeks during mating season. Scales smooth and shiny. 2 postmental scales. 9 upper labial scales. Juveniles with more prominent contrast and bright blue tail.  
Rare with no vouchered specimen for AR. Body scales cream, yellowish, or tan and individually bordered with black. Scales smooth and shiny. Lateral body scales form diagonal rows. Juveniles mostly black with bluish tail. Special Status
Rare. Brownish, thinly-built many-lined skink. Dark lateral stripe bordered above and below with light stripes. Scales smooth and shiny. Postnasal scale absent. Juveniles with bright blue tail. Special Status
Small and thin. Plain bronze with darker, more mottled sides. Belly plain and yellowish. Legs small.  

Family: Teiidae (Whiptails and Racerunners)

Genus: Aspidoscelis (Whiptails)

Background color varies by individual (tan, yellowish, greenish, bluish, etc.), but always with 7 light stripes. Belly plain with large, rectangular scales. Juveniles with bluish tail.  

~ Potential Occurrence ~

Rare with no vouchered specimen in AR. Background color is brown or greenish. 7 light stripes run the length of the body. Light-colored spots occur on the sides between the lines. Belly plain with large, rectangular scales. Juveniles with bluish tail.  

~ Introduced Exotics ~

Rare with no known breeding populations in AR. (A single, non-adult female voucher came from Pike County in 2002.) Formerly of the genus Anolis. Brown or gray, usually with some patterning. Large dewlap for mating or territory displays.  
Light (almost transparent) gray, brown, yellow, or pink mottled with banded tail. Skin covered in wart-like bumps. Sticky toe pads. Large eyes with vertical pupils and no eyelids.  
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Page last modified on December 27, 2013, at 06:44 PM